It feels like the build-up to Vega has been just shy of forever. And in a way it has been: AMD first announced the architecture back in March of 2016, and we’ve known for almost as long that Polaris would be a volume play, not a play for the high performance market. It would be Vega that would be AMD’s next high-end GPU, and true successor to 2015’s unique (if mistimed) Fiji GPU.

Since then AMD has slowly been releasing details on the Vega architecture. Bits and pieces related to the Playstation 4 Pro, which incorporated some Vega features, and then a much more significant information dump at the start of this year with their Vega teaser, closely aligned with their associated announcement of the Radeon Instinct accelerator, which set some pretty specific guidelines for what kind of performance AMD was aiming for. Until today all we’ve known for sure is that Vega would be ambitious, but not unrealistic, and that AMD wanted to launch it by the end of June.

So for today’s AMD Financial Analyst Day, AMD has released a little bit more information as part of the next step of their campaign. The first Vega product to be released has a name, it has a design, and it has performance figures. Critically, it even has a release date. I hesitate to call this a full announcement in the typical sense – AMD is still holding some information back until closer to the launch – but we now finally have a clear picture of where the Vega generation kicks off for AMD.

Say hello to the Radeon Vega Frontier Edition.

AMD Workstation Card Specification Comparison
  Radeon Vega Frontier Edition Radeon Pro Duo (Polaris) Radeon Pro WX 7100 Radeon Fury X
Stream Processors 4096 2 x 2304 2304 4096
Texture Units ? 2 x 144 144 256
ROPs 64? 2 x 32 32 64
Boost Clock ~1.59GHz 1243MHz 1243MHz 1050MHz
Single Precision ~13 TFLOPS 11.5 TFLOPS 5.7 TFLOPS 8.6 TFLOPS
Half Precision ~26 TFLOPS 11.5 TFLOPS 5.7 TFLOPS 8.6 TFLOPS
Memory Clock ~1.88Gbps HBM2 7Gbps GDDR5 7Gbps GDDR5 1Gbps HBM
Memory Bus Width 2048-bit 2 x 256-bit 256-bit 4096-bit
Memory Bandwidth ~480GB/sec 2x 224GB/sec 224GB/sec 512GB/sec
VRAM 16GB 2 x 16GB 8GB 4GB
Typical Board Power ? 250W 130W 275W
GPU Vega (1) Polaris 10 Polaris 10 Fiji
Architecture Vega Polaris Polaris GCN 1.2
Manufacturing Process GloFo 14nm GloFo 14nm GloFo 14nm TSMC 28nm
Launch Date 06/2017 05/2017 10/2016 06/24/15
Launch Price (A profitable number) $999 $649 $649

How AMD is going to sell this card and its target market is a huge subject (and arguably the most important aspect of today’s announcement) but I think everyone would rather dive into the specs first. So let’s start there.

The Radeon Vega Frontier Edition is meant to be a powerhouse of a card for AMD. While we’re still not quite sure which Vega chip we’re looking at – AMD has confirmed two chips so far, and it now looks like the second chip is going to be farther down the line – the Vega that we are getting now is AMD’s high-end play. And this is reflected in the Vega Frontier Edition high performance specifications.

AMD previously indicated with the Radeon Instinct MI25 announcement that they would be targeting 25 TFLOPS or better of half precision (FP16) performance on their high-end Vega parts, and the Vega Frontier Edition will be delivering on the “or better” part of that, with performance in the ballpark of 26 TFLOPS. With the caveat that AMD isn’t providing precise numbers at this time – like the Polaris launch, they’re being a bit unspecific – this indicates that AMD is hitting their earlier performance goals.

Furthermore, as part of today’s announcement we finally know that the Vega Frontier Edition will ship with 64 CUs (4096 stream processors), which also allows us to narrow down the clockspeeds of the card. To hit 26 TFLOPS FP16, the card needs to be able to boost to around 1.59GHz. This is particularly notable because AMD’s reference Polaris designs only go to 1.34GHz, which means that AMD is expecting to clock Vega cards a good bit higher than their Polaris cards.

Hitting these high clockspeeds is important for AMD, because while Vega is slated to be a powerful chip, in terms of execution width it’s actually not an especially wide chip. With 64 CUs, the Vega FE is no wider than AMD’s last-generation Fiji-based cards like the Radeon Fury X, which had the same 64 CU configuration. This means that relative to its predecessor, Vega FE is going to rely on the combination of significantly higher clockspeeds and its architectural enhancements to deliver the big performance gains AMD is touting for the card.

Meanwhile, although we now have a good picture of the CU situation for Vega FE, we have a bit of a mystery on our hands with the ROP situation. AMD has not disclosed the number of ROPs, but it has disclosed that the card will have a pixel fillrate of about 90 Gigapixels/second, which doesn’t divide neatly into the earlier clockspeed. It’s quite likely that we’re looking at a 64 ROP design and that AMD’s figures are factoring in a more conservative clockspeed (e.g. the base clock rather than the boost clock). But for the moment, this dichotomy means that the ROP configuration of the Vega FE isn’t as clear as the CU configuration.

Moving on, AMD has confirmed that the Vega FE will have approximately 480GB/sec of memory bandwidth, and in a big surprise, that this will come from 16GB of HBM2 memory. AMD has been heavily promoting their use of HBM2 and what it means for their memory architecture – the High Bandwidth Cache Controller – particularly banking on the fact that the HBM2 specification allows for memory speeds of up to 2Gbps/pin. Coupled with the fact that we’ve already seen an early Vega chip with 2 HBM2 stacks (indicating a 2048-bit bus), and AMD’s figures confirm that they’re going to be coming very close to 2Gbps for the Vega FE. The card’s 480GB/sec of bandwidth means that the HBM2 stacks need to be clocked at 1.875GHz, just short of that 2Gbps figure.

However the far more interesting news here isn’t the bandwidth, but the amount of total HBM2 memory. AMD has revealed that the Vega FE will ship with 16GB of memory, a figure that until today didn’t look to be possible. And to be honest, we’re still not sure how AMD is doing it.

Along with the higher data rate of HBM2, the other major feature of the newer HBM specification is that it allows for much higher capacity stacks, up to 4GB for a 4 layer (4-Hi) stack, or 8GB for an 8 layer (8-Hi) stack, solving the capacity issues that dogged the HBM1-powered Fiji GPU. However to date, neither Samsung nor SK Hynix have offered 8-Hi HBM2 in their parts catalogs. No specific reason has been given, but the use of TSVs means that the greater the number of layers, the harder the memory is to assemble. For the moment, a pair of 8-Hi stacks is by far the most likely explanation for how AMD has put 16GB of VRAM on the Vega FE. However until we hear more from AMD, it’s not the only possibility, and given that 8-Hi HBM2 still isn’t on anyone’s parts list, it may be that AMD has adopted more creative measures to get this much VRAM on a Vega card.

Rounding out the specifications, as AMD’s focus in today’s announcement was on compute performance and memory, the company hasn’t disclosed too much else about the hardware itself. The TDP has not been announced, however as we’re looking at a high-end card, 250W or better is a very good assumption, especially as AMD’s renderings of the Vega FE cards all show the card sporting a pair of 8-pin PCIe power sockets.

What we do know is that there will be two different Vega FE cards, which AMD is calling the Vega Frontier Blue Edition and the Vega Frontier Gold Edition. Information on the differences between these cards is very limited, but from the information AMD has provided, the Blue Edition will be a traditional blower-cooled card, while the Gold Edition will be taking a page from the Radeon Fury X and will feature an external radiator attached via an integrated closed loop liquid cooling system (CLLC). The use of a CLLC on the Fury X in 2015 made it a very quiet card, but at the same time it was also a necessary move due to its 275W TDP. So this may be a sign that the Gold card will have a particularly high TDP.

Otherwise at an architectural level, AMD hasn’t revealed any further details on the Vega architecture, and indeed it’s not clear if there’s much they left uncovered in this winter’s Vega architecture teaser. HBM2, the improved geometry engine, the new FP16-capable CUs, and the tiling rasterizer were all touched upon in today’s announcement. And as mentioned previously, these new architectural optimizations, along with Vega FE’s high clockspeed, are going to be the major components of the card’s performance.

Finally, with today’s announcement AMD has further narrowed down the launch date of their first Vega cards. The Vega Frontier Edition will be the first cards to ship, and as per the company’s earlier promise of an H1’17 launch, the cards will be available in late June. AMD has not announced a price for the cards yet, and like the detailed specifications themselves, I expect we’ll see that closer to next month’s launch.

But what is clear right now is that the Vega Frontier Edition is not meant to be a consumer gaming card, and that takes us into what I think is the more interesting aspect of today’s announcement: the target market.

Vega Frontier Edition’s Target Market: AI, Machine Learning, and other Professionals


View All Comments

  • Yojimbo - Thursday, May 18, 2017 - link

    "Nobody outside the DOE will be buying V100s this year."

    According to NVIDIA's presentation that isn't true. They say that the DGX-1V is supposed to start shipping in Q3 and that third party servers will ship in Q4. Hyperscalers will probably start to get them at the same time DGX-1V shipments start or even earlier.
  • JKay6969AT - Wednesday, May 17, 2017 - link

    And they also forgot to mention that nVidia just let Volta out of the bag for, yup, you guessed it, the Pro market. Volta with it's 16GB of HBM2 memory with 896Gbps bandwidth, 5120 CUDA cores and 640 TENSOR Cores makes even VEGA look old tech in comparison (For the Pro Machine Learning market). I just hope for AMD's sake that either VEGA can compete with Volta, Volta is targeting a different sector of the market than VEGA or that AMD is willing to take a bigger hit to the margins with VEGA to stay competitive.

    Volta on the desktop I imagine will...

    Not have the TENSOR cores as they seem to be optimized for machine learning tasks (that's my understanding of them anyways)

    Not come with 16GB of HBM2, more likely 8GB or 12GB+ of GDDR5X or 6. Premium models may offer 16GB HBM2 like the Titan Xv but the 2080 Ti will most likely come with 12GB+ GDDR5X or 6 depending on when it launches.

    Not offer 896Gbps bandwidth due to only having 8GB HBM2 it will offer 480~Gbps like the VEGA counterpart.

    This makes desktop VEGA and VOLTA potentially much closer in performance than the Pro versions meaning that AMD should be able to compete for some of the desktop market.

    Currently Volta costs $18000 USD for a single board, this gives AMD a fair amount of wiggle room on competing price :-) lol

    However I must say I am impressed with what nVidia has shown with Volta, even though I would never need such a product, I am impressed with the advancements they have made and the sheer size of the GPU is incredible, however it could be telling that nVidia NEEDED all that die space to get the performance boost, could Volta be less efficient than hoped? I don't know, it's still impressive.
  • lmcd - Wednesday, May 17, 2017 - link

    Any more buzzwords to capitalize here? Reply
  • rarson - Wednesday, May 17, 2017 - link

    Tensor cores are there to compete with Google. Reply
  • tuxRoller - Wednesday, May 17, 2017 - link

    That's an interesting use of the word "compete". Reply
  • Ryan Smith - Wednesday, May 17, 2017 - link

    As a rule of thumb, we don't publish competitive performance slides. While I doubt AMD is lying, it's not something we can verify at this time, and in these cases vendors usually cherry-pick at a minimum. Reply
  • jjj - Wednesday, May 17, 2017 - link

    You seem to be jumping to the conclusion that this is the first Vega to launch and consumer comes later but don't quite think that AMD has stated that. Yesterday's event wasn't the right place to launch consumer products but that doesn't mean there won't be consumer Vega before this one. The 16GB of HBM makes it even less likely for this one to be the first to ship.

    You also seem to miss that this is not Vega Instinct , it's a Pro card but seems that it's a kind of high volume sampling SKU so AMD is either not quite ready on the software side or can't make all that many yet , for high volume deployment in data centers.

    BTW AMD lists 25TFLOPS FP16 not 26, so base clocks and they likely have a reason to do so.

    As for all the preaching about prices and higher margins, that's false and hugely misleading. Higher margins and ASPs sure but much lower volumes and substantial investments in both hardware and software. The high end gaming is plenty profitable, if the product is good enough to sell because sites like this one are promoting ridiculously priced GPUs instead of urging users to never buy such poor value products. It's Trumpian that hardware sites are not making fun of such terrible value products instead of trying really hard to sell them. The press today serves the corporations not the consumer- wasn't like this just a few years ago. You are actively working hard to make people dumber and waste their money every time you don't just laugh at a 500$ GPU or a 700$ phone. Anyway, this is not 10 years ago when the Pro cards were so much more profitable and it's because the press is utterly corrupted and made the consumer much much stupider. Today high end gaming funds the pro and server cards and only in the next few years ,when the deep learning market grows to a sufficient size, it will be able to fully fund the product development, but only for the market leaders.
  • Yojimbo - Wednesday, May 17, 2017 - link

    There was no reason for AMD to not launch a consumer card yesterday. It wasn't a developer's conference. It was an investor's day event. Investors don't care if a product is a consumer product or a professional product. They just want profitable products, and they'd like to hear about as much as possible.

    I don't remember the exact quote, but from what I remember Raja Koduri said things like "There's been a lot of rumors. Everybody's asking where's Vega? When will it appear? Well today we can say the first Vega will be released at the end of June, called Vega Frontier." His quote did make it sound like no consumer Vega would be coming before Vega Frontier. Whether a consumer Vega will be appearing alongside Vega Frontier is less clear, but the situation suggests to me that it will not.
  • Meteor2 - Wednesday, May 17, 2017 - link

    Yes that's a bit worrying. I was expecting something consumer at Computex or a special event in June. Reply
  • rarson - Wednesday, May 17, 2017 - link

    "if gaming is your primary reason for buying a GPU, I’d suggest waiting just a little while longer for the lower-priced, gaming-optimized Radeon RX Vega graphics card."

    They outright stated consumer Vega is not coming first. And then put it in print as well.

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