On Screen Display

Before we dive into the actual display performance numbers, it makes sense to talk about NEC's OSD and a little bit about the in-monitor calibration option that's offered. 

Tapping the menu button brings up the OSD, but also enables some on-screen button labels that change accordingly as you move around inside. Rotate into portrait, and obviously buttons change - so too do the on-screen labels, which is awesome.

There are actually two sets of OSDs on the PA301w. The first is what you get when you hit menu, and is a nice (yet still comprehensive) skinned menu with pretty straightforward navigation. Settings for brightness, black, and eco mode are on the first tab, position and scaling are on the second, then color, tools, menu options, more eco settings, and finally the info tab. The second is the Advanced OSD I'll show in a moment.

What's awesome about the settings is that everything has units where possible - brightness can be changed from 40 to 400 nits, black levels can also be artificially increased to match an adjacent display. As I'll show in a second, after you've run the in-monitor calibration, if you select a specific number, it'll actually drive the display relatively close to where it should be. What a breath of fresh air compared to completely arbitrary percentages. 

Aspect ratio scaling options include full, aspect-correct, off (1:1), and custom, which is controlled from the advanced OSD. Inside the "RGB" tab are some basic color settings such as white point and simple color controls. Tools has PIP control if you want to use it, the USB port per video input mapping controls, some selection criteria for choosing video inputs, and off timer plus signaling. Menu tools is just OSD settings like position, color, and language. 

Inside "ECO" is some interesting stuff. Based on the configured price per kilowatt-hour, you can see the total electrical cost of using the monitor. In addition, based on the configured kg (of carbon) per kilowatt-hour, you can see how much carbon you've released indirectly. One field is for how much would've been used if you didn't have eco settings turned on, the other is how much you actually used. Both essentially enable some dynamic brightness based on ambient lighting measured on the front sensor - mode 1 corresponds to 200 nits of range, mode 2 corresponds to 100 nits. 

What about that "advanced OSD?" Well, you can get to it two ways. Under the color tab, at the bottom, is a link named "Advanced Settings." Pressing select on that will bring you there, or you can get there by turning on the monitor by holding power and input at the same time. Doing so then makes the menu button consistently bring up the advanced OSD for the duration of the power-on session. 

Inside are essentially the same options as the basic OSD, with more depth in the color/picture section and a few other places. White point and color tristimulus values are given in x and y, there's gamma control, and a new uniformity pane. If you're serious about getting color right, these are seriously useful. Initially however, things aren't that close to reality. Even though the white point is set at 6500K, we can see that measured value out of box is around 5600K. The color tristimulus points are also similarly completely wrong. 

This is where the in-monitor calibration is super handy, as it internally calibrates the monitor so these settings actually reflect reality instead of remain shifted by however much the monitor has drifted or differs from ideal. Initially, I spent lots of time tweaking the display color points in HCFR, shifting appropriately based on how much the numbers differed from measured. While that actually did yield better results, running the built-in calibration routine got me 90% of the way there in 1 minute instead of 1 hour like I'm used to doing manually. 

Internal calibration mode only works with x-rite i1D2 colorimeters. NEC has a rebranded version they sell in a bundle, or you can buy your own. Chances are if you're willing to spend $2k+ on an LCD, you're also willing to spend the $200 to get an i1D2. Again, it plugs into the right-side USB port. To get into calibration mode, either find stand-alone calibration in tab B of the menu, or press the left and right keys at the same time from the no signal screen. The display will initialize the sensor, then tell you to wait 30 minutes for the CCFL to settle - welcome to how long calibrating CCFL backlit displays usually takes in-between adjustments. 

After that, you can select "self" for self calibration, or "copy" mode to actually match another PA301w or another display entirely. The display will prompt you to stick the colorimeter in the center, then run through its tests. The actual set of tests seems very basic - red, green, blue, then a whitepoint and brightness test. It takes almost exactly one minute to run, then tells you it's all done. 

The results are awesome. After running through, the white point is much closer to the actual reported value, and the primary color tristimulus values are much closer to what they should be. Note below how the brightness value and color temperature value are now much closer than they were pre-calibration. 

The even better part is that the presets also now correctly work for mapping to different color spaces. If you try to use them without calibration, you risk being offset depending on how the monitor has drifted. I still ended up tweaking all six of the x y values for red green and blue, but they were much, much closer than before. 

Introduction and Hardware Impressions Viewing Angles and Color Quality
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  • 63jax - Tuesday, March 1, 2011 - link

    I'm also very curious about Samsung's PLS matrix. i also want to change my monitor with an IPS or PVA panel in 22'' range, but i'm really undecided. Maybe i will wait to see what PLS are capable of. Good review by the way, thanks. Reply
  • softdrinkviking - Tuesday, March 1, 2011 - link

    At 22", you can get a lot of great quality LCDs for reasonable prices. If you can spend 300-400, I would go for IPS, if you want to stick closer to 200, you can get a VA screen from BenQ that is 23" widescreen and looks pretty good to me. The VA screens have between the viewing angles of the IPS and the TN, but without the color shift I noticed on TNs. When a VA goes out of view, it just looks dark, not pink or something weird like a TN.
    But I don't know how "calibration-friendly" VAs are. If photography is a concern for you, and you need the print to match the image in your screen, I think IPS is better.
    This new samsung technology is anybodys guess, but I wouldn't get one until they have been put through the paces a bit and prove reliability.
    NEC and LG have had a long time to work the kinks out of IPS, and it's widespread adoption in critical industries did not occur by chance.
    Reply
  • eaw999 - Wednesday, March 2, 2011 - link

    va's calibrate fine. many eizo's use va panels. but va panels have off-angle gamma shift, though, and it doesn't take a lot of angle to notice it. for me, anyway. this is most evident in darker shades. i tried an eizo monitor once and i couldn't stand watching movies on it because if i moved my head even slightly, shadow details would 'shimmer'. the only thing i liked about the eizo was that it had phenomenal black levels, as modern va panel usually do. Reply
  • legoman666 - Tuesday, March 1, 2011 - link

    It's amusing to see that Anandtech staff run adblock+ on their own website. Reply
  • quiksilvr - Tuesday, March 1, 2011 - link

    ROFL! Even they admit their adverts are annoying as hell. Reply
  • Stas - Wednesday, March 2, 2011 - link

    lol. Sponsors won't be happy about that ^.^ Reply
  • gc_ - Thursday, March 3, 2011 - link

    I expect the advertisers paid for ads alongside articles, not for in-article placement. I expect advertisers also paid to have ads displayed during a certain period (say, a week or a month), not necessarily to have it display in-perpetuity in the archives. I don't know if AnandTech is syndicated and/or translated for different markets, but if it is, then if they included the ads they might have to redo the image for every market. Reply
  • DanNeely - Tuesday, March 1, 2011 - link

    "Interestingly enough, the PA301w has a uniformity setting inside the OSD which defaults to 5 (maximum) and seems to definitely improve overall brightness uniformity and Delta-E consistency. Whatever secret sauce NEC has apparently works. "

    If this works the same way I think it does on the 3090, the internal LUT adjusts different parts of the screen differently to boost uniformity. I'd be curious what happens to it in 10bit mode though, since the 3090 did this by mapping 8 bit input to a 10bit panel/LUT.
    Reply
  • DanNeely - Tuesday, March 1, 2011 - link

    Should've looked at the specs before asking. The pa301w has a 14bit lookup table to use for onboard calibration/adjusting for screen variation. Reply
  • DanNeely - Tuesday, March 1, 2011 - link

    Is this any better than in the multisync 90 series? The ones on my 2090/3090's were really flimsy and if you tried picking up the monitor the wrong way some of the tabs holding them on would snap off. Reply

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